IAS vs IPS See The Powers and Responsibilities of the IPS, Salary, as well as other crucial aspects

Indian Administrative Services (IAS) and Indian Police Services are the two most important and well-known All India Services which exist before the independence of the nation. Both IPS and IAS are crucial because they serve as the backbone of development in the country. The government administration is accountable for the IAS and IPS. Revenue as well as law and Order are two of the most vital elements. Development and Security are essential to the development of the country. IAS and IPS represent the two important pillars of development and security in India. The candidates for both services are recruited through a common test (Civil Services Exam) conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).

The IAS and IPS do not compete for power and complement one another. IAS as well as IPS both are All-India Services. Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is also called the Indian Police Service (IPS). IAS as well as IPS are the main functions in the government administration of a district. IAS and IPS complement one another. Both are vital to the advancement of Indian society. IAS and IPS officers are very different in their roles their background, background education, authorities controlling the cadre, their positions as well as the power and pay.

Let’s review the primary differences between IAS & IPS.

Evolution of IAS & IPS

Before Independence, IAS and IPS both were controlled by the Europeans since only a handful of Indians could pass the Civil Services Exam. The services were made available to Indian citizens following Independence. Indians were allowed to apply for these services, and the eligibility requirements were relaxed. Indian Administrative Service (ICS) is the continuation of Imperial Civil Services (ICS), which was prevalent in the colonial era. Civil Services is related to the collection of money from the agricultural land , hence the name “Collector”. It was the first position in the British company, and it established the highly-coveted civil service.

Similar to the way that IPS is the continuation of the Imperial Police. On the other hand the need for Police Bureaucracy was mentioned in the Indian Council Act of 1861 for the first time.


Both IAS and IPS are selected through UPSC Civil Services Examination every year. IAS aspirants apply for the service preference of their choice on the Detailed Application Form (DAF) of UPSC and Department of Personnel and training will assign them to the position based on their rank and preferences. Many candidates pick IAS as their first option and IPS as their second.

The popularity of IAS is evident from the case that the UPSC Civil Services exam is popularly known as IAS exam. IAS outshone all other public services in the Civil Services Exam and in real-life too.

Cadre Controlling Authority

IAS Classes in Vadodara Cadre Controlling Authority oversees the staff who are responsible for posting and transfer. Both IAS and IPS are All-India Services but both have separate Cadre Controlling Authority. The Ministry of Personnel is the Cadre Controlling Authority for IAS. This ministry is directly under the Prime Minister. The Cadre Controlling Authority for IPS is the Ministry of Home Affairs which works under the Union Home Minister.

UPSC provide the recommendation lists of candidates to the Ministry of Personnel after the Civil Services exam result and then, all information of the candidates is shared with the concerned Cadre Controlling Authorities.


All the newly selected IAS and IPS officers are admitted to the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA) for three months for the common training course. After the foundation course, IAS officers stay at the LBSNAA and the rest of the officers were transferred to their respective training institutes. IPS officer trainees go to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy (SVPNPA) Hyderabad for the rest of their training. IAS probationers follow a two-year training schedule However, IPS officers undergo training for two and one-half years.

The President’s Gold Medal is awarded to the IAS Training Topper, while the Prime Minister’s Battaon will be presented to the IPS Training Course Topper.

IAS training focuses more on the management, coordination and administration of resources and human resource. IPS training includes physical education and a variety of laws essential to police work. IPS training is more difficult and requires more physical exercise. This includes parades, horse riding, armour training, and other essential things necessary for law enforcement.

Responsibilities and Powers

After a specific number of years, selected IAS officers are elevated to District Magistrate (DM). DM is the district’s coordinator at the district level with the authority of making a final decision. He is the presiding authority for all district-level committees and departmental meeting. IAS Coaching in Vadodara The DM is also responsible for the police department in the district. In the city, the rules regarding curfew, Section 144 etc. The DM is the person who makes these decisions.

In a magisterial structure of governance, DM has the power to order to open fire in order to disarm the mob or other related situations. The approval of the DM is needed to transfer certain police officers.

IPS is the Senior Superintendent Police (SSP) within the district. He is more worried about the rule of law in the city. Even for specific warrants they require the approval of IAS officers.

Both IPS and IAS services are both broad in their job descriptions. IAS has more power than an IAS DM and IAS has less power than a DM. An IPS is only responsible for the duties of its department, but an IAS (DM) is the responsibility for all departments in the district. An IAS officer who is DM is the head of the police department and other departments.

According to one protocol, the IPS officer is required to salute IAS If he’s a top member of the IAS. It also stipulates that the IPS officer should salute the IAS officer if they are superior to him. Some states have implemented the commissionerate system in a few of their cities. In this system, police officers have greater powers, but still less than an IAS.

Scope of duty

The responsibility of an IAS officer as DM covers all departments within the district. An IPS can work only in the department of police and the traffic department, while also serving as SSP. The responsibilities of the DM are broad and extend to all departments within the district. The DM manages the district even during Disaster Management, when the army is known as. He is similar to a major the army.

IPS is the third important functionary of the district because he is expected to take care of the law and order in the city. He is more concerned with the work of the departments and the directives he has received from the DM.


Separates in uniform for IPS and IAS. IAS officers are not required to wear any uniform. They may wear formal attire to formal eventsBut, IPS must wear the prescribed uniform. IPS uniforms are different based on the rank of the officer. A Ashok symbol is placed on shoulders of an IPS officer.

Public places acknowledge IPS officers on the basis of their uniform, but not because they are IAS.

Top Posts

The Cabinet Secretary of India could be appointed by the IAS. It is the most prestigious position within the Indian bureaucratic system, at which only an IAS officer can be appointed. UPSC Classes in Vadodara The top position within the state bureaucratic structure is the Chief Secretary of the state government. A IAS officer is the only one who holds this post. IAS officers can also hold the post of the Union Home Secretary. 

IPS can be made Director-General of Police of the state. A Union Government IPS officer can be promoted to Director of the CBI/IB/RAW. IPS may also serve as a National Security Advisor.


Since the Seventh Pay Commission’s recommendations, the income of an IPS officer has significantly increased in India. The salaries of an IPS is ranging from Rs 56,100 per month and up to Rs 2,25,000 per month. The amount you earn depends on your seniority. The pay of IAS is also much higher than that suggested by the Seventh Pay Commission. The pay of IAS could range from 56,100 to 2,50,000 per month. It can also vary depending on your rank. The IAS salary is much higher than IPS.

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