Ayurvedais not justa healing system buta science that guidesyou withan art to lead a lifethat promotesoverall health of thebody. Itdescribes the propereating habits and lifestyle that mustbeobserved to avoid diseasesfrom attackingthe human body. According to Ayurvedaeach human being iscreated by five basicelements i.evayu, aakash,agni, jala and prithvi. There are3 doshas that regulate the body,that are pitta (vata), pittaandthe kapha.Each person is unique and has itsindividual balance of Best Ayurvedic Doctor in Nashik doshas.
Panchakarma isthe partof Ayurvedathat does not just eliminatewaste from your bodybut alsoimprovesthe immune systemand regulatesthe doshas.Themostefficienttherapy for healing that is availableinAyurvedic Medicine.The therapyisrecommended for maintainingphysical and mental well-being.It is a time provennatural therapy for detoxification andimproving thehealth.
Panchakarma isanSanskrit wordthat means ‘fiveactions’. It ishighly customized and tailoreddepending on the requirements of the patientdue tothebalance of doshas and age, digestionsystem, etc.Based on the needsof the patient, allora portionof the fivekarmas aregiven. Thetherapy removes excessdoshasand corrects the balanceofthe doshas . Ittakes the toxins out ofthe bodyby utilizing thebody’schannels.
Thewhole process of panchakarmaconsist of-
1.) Poorva karma- snehana and swedana
2.) Pradhan karma- itincludes virechan, vamana,basti, nasya, andRaktamokshan. These are thefivekarmasi.e panchakarma.
3) Paschatkarma- it includesdiet post-therapy
Thepurposeofsnehanaas well asswedana is tobring thevitiated doshas to an eliminationform. Itis utilizedto treat individualsas well as apoorvakarmain the form of shodhanchikitsa.
It’s also knownasOleation Therapy.it is one of thetreatments that are done prior tocommencing the Panchakarma Therapy.InCharaka Samhita there are mainlyfour kinds of snehana dravyathat are considered to be the most effective for snehan.
1) Ghee (ghrita)
2) Oil (taila)
3) Fat (vasa)
Dadimadighrita, tila taila the bala tailaGhrita, etc are a few ofthemedicines that are usedinsnehana.
Themethod lubricates the wholebodyby applying medicated oils/gheeboth externally and internally.When the medicated oil or ghee isadministered internally it is calledsnehapanam, it is veryvital to perform this procedure in order to achieve Panchakarma.
CLASSIFICATION OF SNEHANA-
1) Internal oleation-
Itincludes consumption ofSnehana Dravya in a prescribedornon-medicated form. Itcan or should notbecombinedwith other ayurvedicmedications or food items.The method lubricates thetissuesand other parts of thehuman body.
2) External oleation/massage/abhyanga
Italso includes head massage, body massage,gargle , etc. with medicated oil.
It is also calledsteam therapyortherapeutic sudation, isthe second procedure performed beforePanchakarma.The therapy increasescirculation of blood and removestoxic substances through pores on the skinand the body.
It isone ofthemost effective techniques that hasbeenpracticed since longback. Itis used foran shaman chikitsa, and alsoin the form of poorvakarma prior to shodhan. Itcan be administered tospecific parts of abody or on the entirebody. Themethod used to administerswedanaisn’t constant, it may changein accordance with the requirementsthat the person.
PRADHAN KARMA OR SHODHAN CHIKITSA
It is amethod of controlling therapeuticvomiting. Vamana therapyis indicated indoshas called kapha.When the dosha is overan amount of limit and thentransferred to another place, it need tobeexpelledcompletely from ourbody. Kaphais foundin the chestarea andgetting rid of it viathe oral routeisvery easy .
HERBA USED AS VAMAK DRAVYA
Madana phala Panchakarma Treatment in Nashik can be thebestvamak dravya. Other herbsthat are used includethe nimba, kutajayashtimadhu, vacha etc.
Therapeutic emesis is of 2types-
1.)Gastric emesis- itstimulates the gastric mucosa andlater the vomiting centre inthe brain.
2)Central emesis – itstimulates the medullabrain and causes vomiting to occurin the brain.
Vomiting is controlled by thean oblongata medulla in the brainandbegins with a lot ofsalivation and nausea.
BENEFITS OF VAMANA
Themethod expels the aggravatedKapha dosha and improvesmetabolism and digestion,helps restore normal health, booststhefunctioning of the senseorgans,improves fertilityandslows the ageing process.
HERBS USED AS VAMAK DRAVYA
Vamana therapywhen an aggravatedKapha dosha is causing diseaseorwhen dominant kapha dosha in conjunctionwith pitta doesha causesdisease.There are certainwarnings and contraindications.
Thetreatment is recommended fordiarrhea, dysentery, feverfrom recent causes such as cold, coughasthma, tumour,urinary tractdisorders, anorexia, skin disease or respiratory illness, stomach indigestion,fibroid, goiter, filariasisetc.
Patientswith kapha dosha belownormalshould not undergovammanatherapy.Pregnant women, withoutthe karma of snehana, strong agni(digestive system) and those who areanxious, hungry youngsters, older people and weak people, who have an over-sizedspleen, intestinal parasites,enlarged prostate and etcin these cases, vamana karmamust be avoided.
Virechan (purgation)is the 2nd karmainpanchakarma. It isone of the widelyused therapy, especially indiseases caused due toPitta dosha imbalance. The pittadosha is eliminatedforcibly through the anal route.The doshas get eliminated withless stress and complicationsthan vamana karma. Itmay also be administeredinpitta-kapha and vata-pittadoshas in which pitta is the dominant. Thetherapy requires following a particulareating regimens to attain thenormaleating habits and finishthetreatment.
HERBS USED AS VIRECHAK DRAVYA
Virechan drugs include milk, takra, gavakshi, vacha, punarnava, shala, panchmoola, saptala, haritaki, kashmarya, draksha, jyotishmati, vibhitaki, amalaki, abhaya etc.
Based on the type of medicine that is administered,virechan is of 2 typesThere are two types of virechan –
1) Snigdha virechan- meaning ofSnigdha meansoily. It isa reference to pitta when itisassociated withvata dosha.
2) Rooksha virechan- itis a sign that pitta isconnected to kapha dosha.
Virechancan be givenconstipation, gout, piles as well as jaundice, liver disease ascites, splenomegalydysuria, pain or discomfort in the largeintestine, disease of urogenitalsystem inmale and female, nasal bleeding etc.
Poor digestive system, diarrhea or dysentery, an ulcerin the rectum, an emaciatedperson, following excessiveOleation treatment, or wounds, etc.areinstances wherevirechanis not indicated.
3) BASTI KARMA
Inearlier times,thebladder (basti) wasutilized as anequipmentforthe enema.This is why the name of theprocedure is basti Karma.
Basti isone of the special treatmentsforayurvedic panchakarma.The medicated ghee,oil, decoction etcare administeredvia rectal,vaginal and urinary channels. Itimproves the immune system and increasesoverall health for an individual. Vatadosha causesall the diseasesand basti karmais the remedythat is most effective in calmingvata dosha.Thus, it is describedas ‘ardhaChikitsa’ .
DEFINITION OF BASTI
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Theadministration of medicine usingthe basti, or even vasti(urinary bladder) iscalled basti karma.
A single or a combination ofherbal decoctions, medicated oils-gheeetc, mamsa, ksheerarasa, rakta and variousremedies in the formliquids are utilized based onthecondition of the diseasedindividual.
HERBS USED FOR BASTI KARMA
Jeevaka, rishabhaka, jeevanti, guduchi, gokshura, bala, draksha, shatavari, shatpushpa, yashtimadhu, amalaki, brihati, dadima,pippali, vidanga, adraka, musta, nimbi, kutaja etc are used for basti karma.
BENEFITS OF BASTI KARMA-
1.) Expels thedoshas of the night.
2.) Pacifies theaggravated doshas.
3.) Acts as aphrodisiac forthose suffering fromsemen depletion.
4.)Works for putting onweight and managingweight gain and managing obesity.
5)Reverses ageing and prematuregreying.
6)Provides proper nourishmentanddevelopmentfor the human body.
7) Enhances immunity
8)Improves the quality of lifeandimproves longevity.